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雅思口语事件类话题解题思路
2020-11-17 05:12:29| 网络| 网络
虽然事件类话题阐述的都是某一次的活动,但是该活动的受欢迎程度可以是持久性的。为此,当我们在扩充“Popularity”这个角度的时候,你可以给出那一次活动的受欢迎程度,你也可以阐述这个活动在社会中普遍存在的影响力。

Part 2 派对

 

Describe a party you went to

You should say:

• When and where it took place
• Who held the party
• What people did at the party
• And explain how you felt about the party

 

 

 

Part 2 演讲 

 

Describe an interesting talk or speech you recently listened to

You should say:

• When and where you heard it
• Who gave the talk or speech
• What it was about
• And explain why it was interesting

 

 

 

以上两道题,一个有关“派对”,一个有关“演讲”,看似没有关联性的两个话题实则都和活动有关系。为此,我们可以得出结论:事件类话题中拆分方向明确的话题基本都和活动有关。话题的细节拓展方向则可以从“Activity”的维度中寻找。既然如此,我们就先来拆分和“Activity”相关的角度。

 

“活动类” 维度拆分

 

 

• Popularity 受欢迎程度

 

虽然事件类话题阐述的都是某一次的活动,但是该活动的受欢迎程度可以是持久性的。为此,当我们在扩充“Popularity”这个角度的时候,你可以给出那一次活动的受欢迎程度,你也可以阐述这个活动在社会中普遍存在的影响力。

 

• History 历史

 

活动也是有历史的,它可能已经存在很久了,而你恰好在上一次去参加了。

 

• Name 名字

 

活动也会有自己的名字,有些名字可能很普通,有些则很搞笑。我们可以说明一下这个名字是谁取得,我们也可以阐述这个活动名字背后的意义。

 

 

• Venue 地点

 

活动的发生地涉及和“Accommodation/ Public place/ City & Country”相关的地点类角度。如果活动举办地是家里,我们可以从外貌上对它进行扩展,包括:大小、颜色、装饰物等;如果涉及公共场所或者城市、国家,我们就可以选取一些轻量级的角度做内容拓展,比如:地理位置、受欢迎程度、历史、名字等。

 

• Participants  参与者

 

参与者涉及和“人”相关的角度。我们可以从人的维度中选取适合的拓展细节。

 

• Organizer 组织者

 

组织者也是人的范畴,我们可以从人的角度着手来拓展完成细节。

 

• Staff 工作人员

 

活动也会涉及到工作人员,不过他们也是人的范畴。我们可以从人的角度着手完成拓展。

 

• Frequency  活动频率

 

如果该活动是一次性的,我们就不需要考虑活动频率;如果它是定期举办的,我们就可以给到频率相关的细节。

 

 

• Duration 持续时间

 

活动都会有自己的活动时间,有些可能只是短短的1小时,有些则占到大半天。如果你想让这个活动变得更记忆犹新一点,你甚至可以让它持续好几天。

 

• Fee 收费

 

有些活动会强制要求收费;有些是慈善性质的收费,你可以按个人能力捐赠一定数额的钱;有些则免费。

 

• Cost 费用

 

活动会有费用产生,包括:场地费、设备费、员工费等。

 

• Sponsor 赞助商

 

既然是活动就会有赞助商,包括学生会举办的活动都会有。

 

• Activities 活动

 

这个活动指的是你参加后可以参与的活动项目,比如:参加游戏、免费晚饭、舞会、交流会等。

 

 

• Refreshments 茶点

 

活动也会涉及食物和饮品。因为它们主要涉及和物品相关的角度,所以我们可以从物品的维度出发来拓展这一块,比如:品牌、产地、价格、受欢迎程度等。

 

• Requirements 要求

 

活动会对参与者有一定的要求,比如:着装、年龄、性别、教育背景等。

 

• Regulations 规定

 

为了维持现场秩序,活动也会有制定一些规则,比如:禁止使用手机、禁止大声喧哗、禁止抽烟等。

 

• Souvenirs 纪念品

 

很多活动都会为参与者准备纪念品,比如:纪念衫、相册、勋章、充电宝等。不管是什么纪念品,它们都涉及物品类的角度。

 

• When it was organized 活动是什么时候发生的

 

这个问题主要涉及具体时间点的拆分,我们需要通过【年-月-日-具体时间点】来给出更多的时间细节。

 

 

• Who you went there with 你和谁一起去的

 

这个角度则对应“Who with”类型问题,我们可以通过“+/-”的方式来拓展这一块内容。

 

• Why you took part in it 你为什么参加

 

你参加的原因可能是因为正好无聊,也有可能是受到其他活动类角度的影响,比如:因为朋友去参加了,所以我也去等。

 

• How you know about it 你怎么知道的

 

任何一个物品也需要有你了解它的过程,为此这个角度依旧存在。回答问题时,我们依旧可以通过【认知过程-目前结果】的结构格式来答题。

 

 

以上25个就是拓展活动类话题的方向。之后,只要我们看到话题,包括:表演、婚礼、聚餐等,它们的思考方向都是一致的。

 

现在我就拿去年的一道高频话题来做解析—《派对》,如果这道题你会了,那么同类型的,比如《享受的晚餐》也就差不多了。

 

 

Part 2 派对

 

Describe a party you went to

You should say:

• When and where it took place
• Who held the party

• What you did there

• How you felt about the party

 

 

《派对》这道题是事件类中的常考题型。只要它出现在题库中,它一定也是当季的高频话题。虽然派对本身是一个比较常见的活动,朋友间也会举办各种各样的派对,但我发现在准备话题的时候 很多同学还是会无话可说。

 

分析了一下原因,我大家在思考派对的时候有点太刻意了。在很多人看来,只有需要特殊庆祝的时候才会开派对,比如:生日、毕业 、结婚等。如果你也是这么思考的话,你会发现你的话题似乎有点无聊,同时拓展上也非常局限。但其实派对可以很随意,也就是说你可以用任何理由举办派对,比如:一个庆祝朋友脱单的派对;因为无聊而举办的派对;为了欢迎朋友回家而举办的派对;庆祝朋友病情痊愈的派对等。

 

往往随意的内容会比刻意的内容来的更加自然,同时也更具有趣味性。现在你可以确定一个你想讲的派对,然后跟着我的步伐来完成一整道题吧。

 

01

When & Where it took place

这个小问题涉及时间和地点信息,我们就拆分开来进行作答:

 

• When

 

对于这个话题,我们有两种方式来给出时间信息。

 

一开始,具体时间点拓展。

 

我们需要给出参加的具体时间信息,比如:我是在两个星期前参加的,那也是一个晴朗的周日下午。虽然派对是下午5点举行,但我差不多2点就出发了, 因为这是我初次参加派对,所以我有点兴奋。

 

 

 

Example one:


I clearly remember the party took place two weeks ago. It was a sunny Sunday afternoon. After having a cat nap 午睡, I set off to the venue at around 2, even though the party didn’t start until 5. It was my first ever party I had been to, so I was excited to get there.

 

Example two:

 

The party took place during the summer holiday. I had just finished my dinner when I received a phone call from my friend. He asked me if I wanted to go to a party. As I had nothing to do that night, I went along.

 

Example three:

 

The party took place about 3 months ago, on the first day of the National Holiday. While I was having lunch with my family, I received a message from my friend who asked me to go to a party with her that night at around 8. As I didn’t have school the next day, I went along.

 

第二种,则是按“How you know about it”的结构进行作答。

 

像party这样的活动是可以有一个认知过程在里面的,从你开始知道它,到去参加它。

 

 

Example one:

 

A party that comes to mind took place about a year ago. It was my friend who asked me to go.  She told me it would be really fun and that we would meet lots of new people. It sounded like a great idea, so we went to the party together.

 

Example two:


I am going to talk about a party that I went to. It took place a month ago. Actually I knew nothing about it until I saw the advert for it on our school notice board. It said everyone was welcome and there would be food and drinks available. Even though I had a class that night, I decided to skip it, so I could go to the party with my friends.

 

 

• Where

 

如果你和我一样是在编造话题的话,我们对于地点的选择还是没有方向的。这个时候我们就可以通过三大类地点类话题来帮我们确定地点,地点类话题包括:

 

Accommodation/ Public place/ City & Country。

 

- Accommodation

 

我们可以直接把地点设在“Accommodation”里。它可能是在一个公寓,也有可能是在别墅。不管在哪,我们都可以从“Location/ Appearance/ Price”登上给出细节的拓展。

 

 

Example:

 

The party was held in a villa, very far from my home and took around 2 hours to get there by bus. When I arrived, I was really amazed by the place. It was very big with 4 floors and there was aninfinity swimming pool 无边泳池 on the rooftop terrace 屋平台. The whole villa had been nicely decorated with beautiful flowers, balloons and fairy lights 彩色小灯

 

 

- Public place

 

我们也可以把地点设在“Public place”里。公共场所的选择有很多,任何一个都可以。它可以是公园、图书馆、体育馆、活动中心等。然后我们就可以从公共场所的角度出发拓展细节,比如:Location/ Appearance/ Popularity/ Name/ History/ Architect等。

 

Example:

 

The party was held at a trendy 时尚的 new bar in town, which is in the West of my city, very close to my home, so I cycled. The bar was very popular. When I arrived, it was packed out 拥挤的, even though it was only 7 o’clock. It was not really big but very clean. They had over a hundred different types of beers which I had never seen before.

 

 

- City & Country

 

我们也可以把地点设在“City & Country”里,这也就意味着你需要有一定的位移。从一个城市去到另一个城市,或者从一个国家飞去另一个国家。有些同学可能会觉得不可思议居然有人会为了一个派对专门坐一趟飞机,但我想告诉你的是“有钱人的世界你并不懂”。

 

Example:

 

The part wasn’t held in my city, but in Shanghai. Even though it was a bit far to travel for a party, I knew it would be worth it. It was a very unique party which was held in the famous botanical gardens 植物园.

 

 

02

Who held the party

派对的组织者涉及的是和人或组织相关的角度。因此,你可以从“People”出发给出拓展信息,比如:外貌、性格、爱好、教育背景、工作、国籍等给出信息;你也可以从”Organization”出发给出拓展信息,比如:受欢迎程度、名字、历史等。除此之外,你也可以从”Activity”的角度着手额外给出一些信息,比如:受欢迎程度、历史、赞助商、费用、收费等。

 

 

- 从人着手

 

Example one:

 

The party was organized by an old school friend. We have known each other for over 10 years, since primary school. After the summer holidays, he was going to Japan to study, so for him, it was a farewell party.

 

Example two:


The party was organized by a senior student from my university. He is renowned for throwing parties all the time. He likes to invite different people to come and have fun.

 

Example three:

 

The party was organized by a lady who I had never met before. Even though she was almost 50 years old, she was still beautiful and looked very elegant. She liked to throw parties and spend time with young people. It was her secret to keeping young.

 

 

- 从组织着手

 

Example one:

 

The party was organized by our student union. They organize parties at least once a month to give new students the opportunity to meet new people.

 

Example two:


The party was organized by Alibaba, one of the biggest companies in the world. Not only are they famous for E-commerce, they are also famous for hiring lots of young and creative talent. The parties are held every month as a way of saying thank you to all the staff. Staff members can invite their friends and family.

 

 

- 从活动着手

 

Example one:

 

The party was organized by my neighbor and he spent the whole week organizing it. The men had to wear a suit and tie while the women had to wear an evening gown.

 

Example two:

 

The party was organized by my classmate. As she didn’t have many money to buy enough food and drink, we all brought some from home. I took chocolates and chips I bought from Japan and they loved them.

 

 

03

What you did there

我有遇到过一些学生他们从来没有参加过任何的派对,对他们而言,第三小问是缺乏想象的。但是,派对既然是一个放松的场所,我们大致也能猜测出来可能会有的一些活动类型。我大致把它们分为五大类:

 

• 游戏类

 

派对会玩各种各样的游戏,可能是室内的(电子游戏/桌游/纸牌游戏等),也可能是室外的(球类等)。为此,我们可以参考“游戏类”话题里和游戏相关的内容。

 

• 吃喝类

 

对于一场派对,吃喝肯定是少不了的。你可能就是在那边吃吃喝喝,或者你参与进去一起制作食物和饮品。为此,我们可以从“食物&饮品”的角度着手来丰富素材。比如:一起做烧烤、调酒等。

 

• 唱跳类

 

很多派对都会融入跳舞环节,比如:Winter Ball (冬季舞会);有些则可能有现场乐队或者有卡拉OK设备,它们都可以满足你一边吃一边享受音乐的魅力。

 

• 媒体类

 

我把“电影/电视剧/照片”等归类在媒体里,也就是说我们可以在派对上看电影或者刷电视剧,除此以外,我们也可以各种拍照片。

 

• 闲聊类

 

因为派对主要就是一个社交场所,所以聊天肯定是少不了的。但聊天可以有两种场景,要么你是和参与派对的人一起聊天;要么你是在手机里和其他人聊天。如果是后者,它也反映了你对这场派对是不满意的,觉得很无聊。

 

现在我们就可以从中挑选内容,然后根据“What”类型问题的答题格式按“主次”/“时间线”进行回答。

 

 

- 按主次拆分

 

Example one:

 

We did a lot that night. We had a BBQ on the rooftop terrace. The boys were in charge of the cooking while the girls enjoyed eating the food. The dinner lasted for 3 hours. After the meal, we played a tonne of games, for example, Truth or Dare, Monopoly and Rummy. I wasn’t very good at playing, so I just watched.

 

Example two:

 

It was a crazy night and we did a lot of crazy things. As teenagers, we were not allowed to drink alcohol, but we did anyway. Actually we drank a lot and got very drunk. We also talked a lot and reminisced about 回忆 our school days. We talked about the importance of working hard to ensure we all have a bright future.

 

 

 - 按时间线拆分

 

Example one:

 

I was never really into parties, as I thought they were quite boring. Usually I ended up sitting in the corner playing on my mobile phone. However, this party was different. It was actually a lot of fun. They had invited a professional bartender to prepare cocktails for us. It was fascinating watching him make all the different drinks. He even showed me how to make a Bloody Mary.

 

Example two:

 

All the parties I have been to before usually involved playing computer games but this one was different. It was like we had gone back in time to the parties we had when we were young. We played things like pass the parcel, musical chairs and hide and seek. It was a lot of fun. We giggled and laughed a lot.

 

04

How you felt about the party

提到你对派对的感受,我们可以是正面的,也可以是负面的。或者你可以把正负结合在一起说,毕竟没有一场派对是你完全满意的。至于你喜欢或不喜欢的点,我们可以从“Party”涉及的角度着手。比如:

 

• Participants

 

一般而言,我们对派对的印象首先来自于参加派对的人。从好的着手,你可能会觉得这次派对很有意义,因为结交了很多新朋友或者巩固了友谊;从坏的着手,你可能会觉得不自在,因为派对里的人都是你不熟悉的人或者大家都维持沉默,然后自顾自的玩手机。

 

 Example one:

 

It was an unforgettable party. I met lots of new people and made new friends. Most of the people I met at the party were very interesting. They were from all walks of life 各行各业. It was fascinating listening to their stories. The party ended very late and I was exhausted, but it was worth it.

 

Example two:

 

Even though the party had lots of interesting activities, delicious food and great drinks, I didn’t really enjoy it because I didn’t know anybody there. I always find it difficult talking to people I don’t know, so conversations are usually very awkward. I was happy to leave early and go home. 

 

 

• Activities

 

派对里出现的活动也会给我们带来很多感受。从好的来说,这些活动可以让你放松心情或者你也可以从和别人的交流中悟出很多道理;从不好的来说,你可能会觉得很吵闹,同时参加这些活动也会让你觉得很累,毕竟参加派对是一个力气活。

 

Example one:

 

I had a great time and it changed my attitude towards parties. I was never into going to parties, because I thought it was a waste of time. I preferred staying in my dorm reading books or watching movies. But after that night, I realized going to parties was a great way to kick back 放松 and relax. The music, the drinks and the people all helped me switch off and forget my troubles.

 

Example two:

 

The party was a turning point in my life. It made me reflect on the importance of education. I stopped studying four years ago and dropped out of middle school, because I was not really satisfied with the Chinese education system. But at the party, my friend suggested I should continue studying, maybe in another country. Afterwards, I gave it a lot of thought and decided to go back to school. That’s the reason why I am here now taking the IELTS exam.

 

Example three:

 

Even though the party was fun, I was so jaded 疲倦的 after that night. I used to think parties were a great way to help me relax and unwind after a long day’s work. However, after that night, I realized how stupid I was. Parties are actually hard work. You have to be sociable and step outside your comfort zone. Then there is the loud music, chaos, standing up for long periods and queuing for drinks. it is all very exhausting. Because of this, I stopped going to parties and now prefer a quiet life.

 

• Refreshments

 

你的感受也有可能来自于派对提供给你的食物或者饮品。从好的来看,你可能很享受那一晚的食物。你可能忙于学习已经很久没有享用过一顿大餐了;也有可能你初次吃到了米其林级别的菜肴。从不好的来看,你可能会因为吃了很多高热量的食物而感到罪恶;你可能不胜酒力却被灌了很多酒;你也可能觉得那晚的食物不是很够,所以一晚上都很饿。

 

Example one:

 

I enjoyed that night very much. What impressed me the most was the food. Before I went to the party, I had been living off instant noodles, as I had ran out of money. So you can imagine how excited I was when I saw the huge spread they had put on. I wolfed down 狼吞虎咽 three plates of meat and noodles. After that, I had many cakes for dessert and I drank two big bottles of bubble tea. The next day, I woke up with a terrible stomachache.

 

Example two:

 

I had a great time at the party even though there was a lot of pressure to drink. I am not really into drinking alcohol as it makes me feel sick. However my friends all gave me a hard time when I refused and after a while I just gave in as it was easier. I got quite drunk and woke up with a shocking hangover 宿醉 the next day. I felt horrible. Next time I will stand my ground and say no.

 

 

• Duration

 

你也可以从派对时长上思考自己的感受。从好的来看,你参加的派对在时间上控制的很好,不长也不短,所以你很尽兴;从不好的来看,派对是在深夜结束的,所以你很累,第二天都起不来;或者那次的派对结束的太快,你都还没有嗨起来它就结束了。

 

Example one:

 

I really enjoyed the party and what I really liked was that it finished at a sensible hour.  It started at 8 and finished at 11. It meant that I was home by 12 and got a good nights sleep.

 

Example two:

 

Even though it was a fun night I was exhausted by the end of it as it went on for 6 hours.  I didn't get home until 3 am and I had to get up at 6 am for work. I was useless all day and just wanted to go home to bed. I must remember not to go to parties when I have work the next day.

 

 

• Regulations

 

你对这个派对的感受也可能来自于它的规则,比如:禁止使用手机。从好的来看,你可能会觉得这条规定让大家有了更高质量的交流;从不好的来看,你也可能觉得很没有安全感,一晚上都在担心是否有人会发信息给你。

 

Example one:

 

It was an unforgettable party and quite unique, as it was the first party that I had been to which didn’t allow mobile phones. I was a bit shocked when they asked to take my mobile phone from me, but they promised me they would keep it safe. They said that they wanted people to enjoy a good night without being glued to their mobile phone. They were right. People were having more conversations and they were far more sociable. I think all parties should do this.

 

Example two:

 

I enjoyed the party a lot, as I met many new people and even made new friends. However, they had an annoying rule where you were not allowed to use your mobile phone during the party. As I am addicted to my phone, I felt uncomfortable all night long. I was really happy to reunite with my phone again at the end of the night.

 

 

• Requirements

 

你也可以从派对的要求来阐述自己的感受,比如:着装要求。从好的来看,当大家穿着同一主题衣服的时候,你会发现你们间的共同话题不自觉的增加了;从不好的来看,你可能并没有按着装要求来穿,为此整个派对你都会觉得很尴尬。

 

Example one:

 

It was the most interesting party that I have ever been to. It was a fancy dress party and everyone had to dress up in clothes from the 60s. Many girls were wearing a Qipao, a Chinese-style gown while the boys were wearing Chinese tunic suits. It was so good to see everyone dressed up. We all had something in common, so it was easy to make friends and talk to new people.

 

Example two:

 

I felt awkward for the whole evening. There was a dress code, but nobody had told me. Everybody was dressed up in formal outfits. However, I turned up in my jeans and T-shirt. When I arrived, everybody stared at me and I really stood out. Because of this, I made a quick exit.

 

通过对以上四小问的讲解,现在你可以完成属于你自己的话题啦。

 

参考答案:【派对

 

• What and where it took place

 

I clearly remember the party took place two weeks ago. It was a sunny Sunday afternoon. After having a cat nap, I set off to the venue at around 2, even though the party didn’t start until 5. It was my first ever party I had been to, so I was excited to get there.

 

The party was held in a villa, very far from my home and took around 2 hours to get there by bus. When I arrived, I was really amazed by the place. It was very big with 4 floors and there was an infinity swimming pool on the rooftop terrace. The whole villa had been nicely decorated with beautiful flowers, balloons and fairy lights.  

 

• Who held the party

 

The party was organized by a senior student from my university. He is renowned for throwing parties all the time. He likes to invite different people to come and have fun.

 

• What people did at the party

 

We did a lot that night. We had a BBQ on the rooftop terrace. The boys were in charge of the cooking while the girls enjoyed eating the food. The dinner lasted for 3 hours. After the meal, we played a tonne of games, for example, Truth or Dare, Monopoly and Rummy. I wasn’t very good at playing, so I just watched.

 

• How you felt about the party

 

P- It was an unforgettable party. I met lots of new people and made new friends.

 

E-Most of the people I met at the party were very interesting. They were from all walks of life. It was fascinating listening to their stories. The party ended very late and I was exhausted, but it was worth it.

 

 

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